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【翻译转载】放弃弯把的9个原因

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发表于 2018-12-17 10:31:20 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
9 Reasons Why We Should Drop The Drop Bars On Touring Bikes----Alee Denham
旅行车应该弃用弯把的9个原因----阿里.邓哈姆

For those who follow my bike trips around the world, you’ll know that over the last couple of years I’ve made the switch away from drop bars. This all started because I wanted to test some of the new handlebar shapes on the market and let you know whether they’re awesome or not. It turns out they really are…
Let’s discuss!

一直关注我环球旅行的朋友们会发现,在过去的两年里我开始使用弯把以外的车把。所做这一切,完全是因为我想尝试一下市面上能找到的其它形态的车把,并让大家了解,这些车把是否好用。结果是肯定的...
我们一起来看看吧!

9 Reasons To Drop The Drop Bars
9个放弃弯把的原因
Descent-Velo-Orange-Crazy-Bars.jpg

Descending is a pleasure with a wide handlebar and good access to your brake levers.

--使用宽车把,下坡将会是很愉快的事情,很轻松的就能勾到刹把

1. Better Bike Handling
The handlebar grips are two-out-of-five attachment points between your body and the bike, and arguably, they’re also the two most important. It’s these points which largely determine how well you can balance and manoeuvre your bike. Working against your bike manoeuvrability and balance is any style of front luggage (panniers, bikepacking bags, handlebar bag, cargo cages) which increases the amount of ‘steering effort’ required to change your bike’s direction.
1.更好的操控性
车把的把套,是人车之间五分之二的接触点,而且可以说,是最重要的两点。它们最大程度上决定了操控单车的难易性。任何模式的前置行李(驮包也好,车把包也好,bikepacking车头包也好,还是前叉上的水壶架包也好)都会对单车操控产生影响,改变车头方向的时候,需要更大的力量。

The best possible way to combat heavier steering is by fitting a wider handlebar to your bike. Wide bars increase the steering leverage up front, which allows you to maintain a light steering feel, even with a front load. As a result, you can expect better bike control at high speeds (thanks to the quicker steering inputs) and low speeds (thanks to the micro adjustments you can make to help with your balance). This is most noticeable when you’re climbing slowly up a hill, or when you need to quickly avoid something on the road while travelling at speed. By dropping the narrow drop bars, not only will you have more control over your bike, but you’ll also find you can ride even more confidently on any road or trail.
最有效的,对抗车头“变重”的方法,就是给你的车搭配一根更宽的车把--也就是说,增大转向的力臂,从而得到更轻松的转向应力,哪怕是车头满载着行李。在这个前提下,无论是在高速度骑行还是低速度爬坡的前提下,都能更好的掌握单车的平衡---当你慢速爬升或者高速下坡试图躲避障碍物的时候,就能深切体会到了--放弃掉狭窄的弯把,不仅可以提高控车力,也可以让你的骑行更安心--无论是在铺装道路上,还是山间小径上。


2. The Brake Levers Are Just Better
Firstly, it’s easier to replace and maintain your cables because you can do so without having to remove any bar tape. This is a godsend if you’re maintaining cable-operated brakes, as you can pop out your stainless steel inner cables in seconds and give them a good lube. Secondly, the ergonomics of a flat bar allow you to wrap your thumb and three fingers around your grip for a better hold (it’s often a thumb and two fingers on a drop bar). Try braking into a rough corner with a flat bar and drop bar and you’ll immediately notice which brake levers you have the most control over…
2. 平把刹把更好用

首先,平把刹把更换刹车线很简单,没有需要解开的把带。对于热衷于调整刹车线性手感的朋友来说,平把刹把简直是天赐的便利,秒秒钟便可抽出内线,给线管添加润滑油。第二,平把的工学设计,可以是大拇指和其它三个手指环绕在把套上(刹车只需要一根食指),以获得更好的抓握力度(而在弯把上的常规动作,则是大拇指和无名指、小指,食指和中指在刹把上)。试着比较平把和弯把入弯的时候刹车(尤其是颠簸路面),高下立判。








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 楼主| 发表于 2018-12-17 11:04:02 | 显示全部楼层
3. It’s Often Cheaper
By and large, MTB-style shifters are way cheaper to manufacturer than a set of road shifters. A set of Shimano Ultegra road shifters work out at 3x the cost of the equivalent quality MTB shifters (I know, you get brake levers too – but still). All handlebar styles can be both cheap and expensive, but consider that two of the most popular alt bars are just $60 (Crazy Bars) and $79 (Jones Loop).
3. 平把刹把往往更便宜
说大点,山地变速杆比公路变速杆便宜太多。Shimano UT的手变,几乎是同等级山地变速杆的三倍价格(哪怕算上山地刹把,也是贵不少)。当然,所有类型的车把,都有贵贱,但是最流行(这里指西方旅行车界)的两种旅行车把(多把位车把),也只需要60美金(Crazy Bars 见后图)和79美金(Jones Loop琼斯把)。----(这里列举的两种车把,对于中国车友来说可能有点贵,但是考虑到西方的弯把,动则上百美金,这两种车把就算便宜的了--编者)

Whatbars-Handlebar-Tool.jpg

Want to compare handlebars? You want WhatBars.com Click to create visual overlays of the most popular alt handlebar shapes
想要对比车把么?点击WhatBars.com   这里列举了最流行的旅行车把(多把位车把)

4. There Are Dozens of Alternative Handlebar Shapes For Touring
Don’t like a typical flat/riser handlebar because of the lack of hand positions? Not to worry. There are literally dozens of new bar styles that offer a unique geometry to change it up. You can view most of your options at
4. 针对旅行用的车把选择很多(包括多把位车把)
如果不喜欢经典直把/燕把,因为把位太少?不用担心,市面上还有好多新款式的多把位车把,有独特的几何形态来改善舒适度。点击上图下方链接,你可以根据自己喜好的把位来选择适合你的多把位车把。

5. More Bikepacking Handlebar Pack Options
Handlebar packs are often interrupted by drop bar levers unless you succumb to quite a low volume bag. The Ortlieb Handlebar Pack S fits nicely between a set of drop bar levers, but its volume works out at 9L compared to the 15L you can accommodate on a flatbar. In addition, you have the option to run unique handlebar packs like the Revelate Sweetroll which mount to a Jones Loop bar at four locations, rather than the standard two, for a more secure fit.

5. 平把有更多可选择的Bikepacking挂包
弯把可选择的车把包或者挂包都比较有限,而且往往都是小容量的,因为不但窄,还有手变/刹把的形位限制,基本就是O记的小号车把包,约9L大小,对比平把可用的15L,小了不少。另外,有些特制的车把包,比如说Revelate Sweetroll,可以四点固定在Jones Loop把上,相对标准的两点固定,无疑更安全稳固。


6. Bar Tape Kinda Sucks
Granted a good-quality wrap can last years provided it has the right amount of stretch and grip, bar tape is still quite susceptible to tearing, moving or unwrapping itself. On a long bike trip, this just means more bike maintenance. You don’t want more bike maintenance.

6. 弯把的把带有点不爽
弯把的把带在长途使用中容易撕破,位移甚至松动,这就意味着需要更多的保养、调试。而我们并不想多出这些工作。





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 楼主| 发表于 2018-12-17 11:37:19 | 显示全部楼层
Custom-Touring-Bike-Alee-04.jpg
The Velo Orange Crazy Baris a great alternative to a drop bar. You’ll be able to keep your aerodynamic position by using the bullhorn section, you’ll get extra steering leverage and there’s even a location for a handlebar bag mount!
橘子的Crazy Bar完爆弯把,你可以使用牛角部分来保持低风阻的姿势,也可以拥有更大的操控力臂,也有足够的空间来挂各种形态的车头包

7. Ergonomic Grips Rock
Never used Ergon grips? What about ESI chunky silicone grips? No? Well, you’re missing out. The unique shape of these grips offers a more comfortable hand fit than any bar tape I’ve ever come across.
7. 人体工学把套牛
没试过Ergon肉球把套?那么ESI 硅胶把套呢?都没有?好吧,你赢了。这些独特形态的把套舒适度完胜所有我用过的把带。

8. MTB Shifters And Derailleurs Work Flawlessly Together (Obvs)
I’ve written countless resources about how to mate road shifters with MTB derailleurs (they’re mostly incompatible). The aim of this pursuit is to get low climbing gears on a bike with road shifters. But you know what? If you skip on the drop bars, this becomes a non-issue as component manufacturers have designed MTB shifters to work flawlessly with… err, MTB derailleurs and wide range cassettes.
8. 山地指拨和后拨匹配程度更密切(这个太明显了)
笔者曾写过多篇“怎样匹配公路变速杆和山地变速器”的文章,其根本目的其实是为了让公路变速杆和更大的爬坡飞轮匹配。但这样做其实是舍本逐末了,只要你不用弯把,整个世界就清净了,平把或多位把使用山地变速杆,毫无障碍的匹配山地变速器和宽齿比飞轮...

9. Rohloff/Pinion Shifter Compatibility
There are heaps of workarounds for getting a Rohloff/Pinion twist shifter onto a drop bar. But what if you could just use the stock twist shifter on a flat handlebar like it was intended?
9. 罗二富和派侬变速把的兼容性
虽然有很多可以将罗二富和碧莲的变速把整合到弯把上的方案(基本都是昂贵的),但是为何不简单点用平把/多位把呢?罗二富和碧莲的变速杆本就是为它们设计的。





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 楼主| 发表于 2018-12-17 12:36:58 | 显示全部楼层
DW… There Are Reasons To Keep Ya Drop Bars Too

当然...保留弯把的原因也有一些
Front-vs-Rear-Pannier-Loading-01.jpg

1. To Reduce Your Frontal Area
There’s an aero advantage to fitting drop bars to your bike. In the hoods or drops you can tuck your elbows in and reduce your body’s frontal area. Given you don’t move that fast on a touring bike, this feature is most useful for whenever you’re riding into headwinds. That said, an alt bar like the Crazy Bar actually provides the best of both worlds – a narrow bullhorn section and a wide, sweptback grip location.
1. 减小迎风面
单车上使用弯把的主要目的是获取气动优势,通过抓握姿势和落差来收缩肘关节以期减小身体迎风面,这个前提下,当你在旅行车上使用弯把,这个特点将让你在逆风骑行中获得优势。但是呢,Velo Orange的Crazy Bar实际上也能提供这样的优势--抓握牛角部分即可,并兼顾了另一个极端的特点--车把宽度以及后掠的把位。

2. They Look Rad
I’ll admit it. Drop bars are cooler. There’s something about those classic lines…
2. 颜值
不得不承认,弯把看起来更酷更拉风些。事关经典,事关情怀....

3. Dude, Ultra-Wide Drops Exist!
Is the ultimate solution for you a set of wide drop bars? You’re in luck. The Crust Towel Rack bars are ~700mm wide at the ends which is the equivalent of most flat bars. The Salsa Woodchipper and Soma Gator are also pretty wide; but note that when your fingers are on the brake levers, the equivalent width works out closer to 600mm.
3. 兄dei,超宽弯把也可以考虑的(下把位外扩型弯把)
旅行弯把的终极方案...幸运的是,Crust Towl Rack把--700mm的下把位宽度,基本等同于很宽的平把了。Salsa Woodchipper(啄木鸟)和Soma Gator这两种弯把也是很宽的;但是值得注意的是,只要手指放在刹把上,操控宽度都不会大于600mm。

4. When You Don’t Have Any Weight Up Front
If you don’t have more than 2-3 kilos up front, you’ll find a standard drop bar offers more than enough leverage to steer confidently.
4. 当你并没有多少车头负载时
如果你的车头负载也就2-3公斤时,标准宽度的弯把就能提供足够的操控力臂了。


2019-Salsa-Fargo-Apex.jpg
The Salsa Woodchipper handlebars will give you some extra steering leverage thanks to their relatively wide width.
Salsa Woodchipper弯把通过加大下把位宽度来获取更大的操控力臂。






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 楼主| 发表于 2018-12-17 12:49:47 | 显示全部楼层
Summary

My experience with alt handlebars has, errr… altered my perception of touring handlebars entirely.

I used to prefer drops on touring bikes because:
– I wasn’t a huge fan of butterfly bars (they lacked the width I desired)
– I wasn’t a huge fan of flat bars (they offered fewer hand positions than my drop bars)

The latest generation of handlebar designs has given me lots of width, lots of hand positions and a nice aero location so I can tuck in my elbows for headwinds. I’ve found my Crazy Bars work better at both high and low speed, better on dirt roads and better on the steep climbs. I honestly can’t find any downsides for the majority of the bike travel I do.

I’m not planning on going back to drops unless my bike is set up to be light, fast and intended for smoother surfaces. Think ultralight carbon touring bike with bikepacking bag ensemble. Otherwise, wide alt bars all the way! Yewww!

总结

通过我试用多位把(Alternative Bar)的体验,不得不说,完全颠覆了我对旅行车 车把的世界观
我曾经更喜欢在旅行车上使用弯把,是因为:
--我并不喜欢蝴蝶把(尽管也是多把位,但是宽度总是不够)
--我也不太喜欢普通的平把(相比我的弯把,把位少了些)
新生代的车把设计给我更宽的力臂、多个抓握位置以及很棒的气动姿势,让我可以再顶风骑行时收缩肘关节来获得更小的身体迎风面,我试过我的Crazy Bar,无论高速度还是低速度,无论是烂路还是陡坡,表现都强于弯把,诚实的说,基本找不到什么短板。
因此,我不再打算换回弯把,除非单车的设置是针对轻快骑行和铺装路面,抑或是全碳超轻公路车加挂包旅行,不然,多把位车把真的是...劲!!!



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发表于 2018-12-17 19:54:16 | 显示全部楼层
前两天正看这个英文版,今天就来中文的了,及时
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 楼主| 发表于 2018-12-18 10:43:34 | 显示全部楼层
slowhand 发表于 2018-12-17 19:54
前两天正看这个英文版,今天就来中文的了,及时

如果有感兴趣的帖子可以告诉我,我来试着翻译吧。
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